In one of the largest research projects of its kind, WTTC can for the first time ever, accurately report and track the impact the sector has on the environment. The findings were launched today at the United Nations in New York at the UN 2023 Water Conference.
Speaking at the UN Headquarters, Chris Imbsen, Director of Sustainability at WTTC, revealed that travel and tourism’s entire water footprint is just 0.6 percent of the global water use according to the latest figures (2021).
In 2019, when the sector was at its peak, the sector’s total water footprint was only 50 percent higher, but still less than one percent of the global total at 0.9 percent.
Travel and tourism’s direct water use is significantly lower – in 2019 it was 0.2 percent of the global total and has fallen by half to just 0.1 percent of the global total. Much of the sector’s water use is indirect, through its supply chain, with agriculture and food production accounting for two-thirds of travel and tourism’s entire water footprint.
Between 2010 and 2019, the travel and tourism sector in Europe and Africa reduced direct water use. In Europe, direct water use fell by eight percent and in Africa direct water use by the sector fell by six percent.
Julia Simpson, CEO, WTTC, said, “This ground-breaking new data reveals our sector’s water consumption for the first time ever, revealing that travel and tourism uses less than one percent of the water used around the world, with the overwhelming majority of that usage coming from the sector’s supply chain.
“The data also shows that whilst the sector has grown economically around the world, its direct-use water intensity has decreased. The data is the most in depth study of the sector’s water use, and like the world-first climate footprint data we released at our Global Summit in Riyadh last year, we can also reveal individual countries travel and tourism sector’s water footprints. This will enable governments to work with the sector to further reduce water usage.”
The water intensity of travel and tourism per unit of GDP has also fallen since 2010, across both direct and indirect use. In 2010, the sector used 0.57 m³ of water for every USD1 contributed to the global economy.
In 2019 this fell by 19 percent to reach 0.46 m³ of water for every USD1 contributed to the global economy. In a world-first, this comprehensive research covers 185 countries across all regions and will be updated each year with revised figures.
This research was made possible thanks to the partnership between WTTC and the Saudi-based Sustainable Tourism Global Center. Under the Saudi green Initiative, more than 60 initiatives have been launched in the past year, representing more than USD186 billion of investment in the green economy.