Of these, the vast majority were male (82.9 percent versus 17.1 percent female). Nine in every ten people (89.6 percent) employed in transport worked in land transport (such as road or rail), while 5.7 percent worked in air transport and 4.7 percent in water transport (inland waterways or maritime).
Among the EU countries, the largest number of people employed in the transport sector in 2021 were in France (842 thousand, 13.9 percent of the EU total), Poland (792 thousand, 13.1 percent), Germany (689 thousand, 11.4 percent), Spain and Italy (627 thousand and 626 thousand, respectively; each 10.4 percent). The smallest number of employed people were in Cyprus and Malta (five and six thousand, respectively; each 0.1 percent).
When it came to employment in the transport sector by sex, the highest shares of females were recorded in Malta (25.2 percent), Cyprus (24.6 percent) and Germany (24.4 percent). At the other end of the scale, the lowest shares were recorded in Romania (9.7 percent), Croatia (11.5 percent) and Bulgaria (12.1 percent).